GNB Standing Committee submits its report with recommendations on forest glyphosate use on November 2, 2022

The Standing Committee on Climate Change and Environmental Stewardship, a legislative committee, submitted its report with 20 recommendations on glyphosate use in New Brunswick on Novemeber 2, 2021.

Link to the report: https://www.legnb.ca/content/committees/climate_change_and_environmental_stewardship/reports/60-1/20211102ClimateChangeFirstReport.pdf

The 20 recommendations:

Pesticides Advisory Board
1. THAT the Minister of Environment and Climate Change re-activate the Pesticides Advisory
Board and ensure it remains active.
2. THAT the Minister task the Pesticides Advisory Board with investigating issues and gaps in
information regarding the use of pesticides, which includes herbicides, in the Province as
identified by the Standing Committee on Climate Change and Environmental Stewardship.
3. THAT, within six months of the tabling of this report, the Minister review the composition of
the Pesticides Advisory Board as prescribed in the Pesticides Control Act to determine whether
any amendments are needed to ensure adequate independent expertise is represented.


Crown Lands and Forests Advisory Board
4. THAT the Crown Lands and Forests Advisory Board be re-activated within six months of the
tabling of this report.
5. THAT the Minister of Natural Resources and Energy Development review the composition of
the Board to ensure diversity of expertise.
6. THAT the Board ensure stakeholders who use Crown Lands are doing so in a responsible
manner to meet stated objectives established by the Minister and/or in legislation.
Forest Management and Ecosystem Protection
7. THAT, for the purpose of evaluating the impact of eliminating herbicide spraying, the
government initiate a comprehensive cost-benefit economic study comparing the usage and
non-usage of herbicide in managing tree plantations in New Brunswick within 12 months of
the tabling of this report.
8. THAT remaining old hardwood, mixedwood, and softwood forest be maintained (not
converted). This would require (1) ecologically based forestry, and (2) additional protected
natural areas (reserves).
9. THAT the government ensure protected natural areas have connected corridors, where needed,
and minimize edge habitat for the purpose of biodiversity.


Increased Restrictions on Spraying
10. THAT setbacks for aerial spraying be increased from 500 metres to 1 kilometre from
dwellings.
11. THAT the government require a spraying setback of 100 metres from protected natural areas.
12. THAT the government require a minimum 100-metre aerial spraying setback from water and
wetlands and/or require spray plans that may vary depending on the landscape and the
hydrological characteristics of the land.
13. THAT the government ban spraying of pesticides in protected watersheds as designated under
the Clean Water Act.
14. THAT the Minister of Natural Resources and Energy Development request of NB Power that
it immediately begin phasing out spraying of pesticides under transmission lines.


Further Monitoring and Research
15. THAT the Legislative Assembly appoint a Legislative Officer charged with the responsibility
for Crown Lands and Waters with an appropriate budget beginning in the next fiscal year.
16. THAT the Department of Natural Resources and Energy Development partner with
educational institutions and non-governmental organizations, where applicable, to study the
effects of spraying pesticides in forestry on wild game, other food and Indigenous medicines
in New Brunswick.
17. THAT the government request that Health Canada evaluate the registration of glyphosate every
five years and with research conducted in and applicable to New Brunswick.
18. THAT the Department of Environment and Local Government be mandated to routinely
sample and test water and sediment for glyphosate and related components adjacent to areas
where glyphosate has recently been applied, and to report annually.
19. THAT for the purpose of evaluating the impact of eliminating glyphosate, the government
undertake a comprehensive cost-benefit economic study comparing the usage and non-usage
of glyphosate in the agricultural sector in New Brunswick within 18 months.


Public Education and Awareness
20. THAT, within six months of the tabling of this report, the Department of Natural Resources
and Energy Development create a public dashboard regarding all aspects of Crown forest
utilization, including pesticide spraying, for the purpose of increasing public education and
awareness.